Microbiota - Our Janus-faced Companions

Dirk Haller
Munich (DEU)
  Siobhain O’Mahony
Cork (IRL)

Microbiota; Friend or Foe?
We share our body with trillions of microorganisms, the so called microbiota. Especially the microbiome that colonizes the human gut has become a major topic of interest in recent years. Under normal circumstances, these microorganisms exist in a symbiotic relationship with their human host, supporting our digestion by metabolizing nondigestible carbohydrates. However, the human gut microbiome and its role in both health and disease have been the subject of extensive research, establishing its involvement not only in human metabolism but also immune function, stress response, cancer, diabetes, and even mood control.

The microbiota session will give a broad overview of the latest discoveries in the microbiota research field. We will draw a bow from weight controlling microorganisms over the microbiome-brain-gut axis to microbiotas that can increase their host's susceptibility to cancer. At the end of the session we might be able to answer the question: “Microbiota, who is friend and who is foe?”